IISER Pune
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (IISER) PUNE
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An Autonomous Institution, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India
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Seminars and Colloquia

Biology

Molecular Drivers of Liquid-Liquid Phase Separation of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins 
 
Thu, Jun 06, 2019,   11:00 AM to 12:00 PM at Seminar Room 34, 2nd Floor, Main Building

Dr. Samrat Mukhopadhyay
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Mohali

Abstract:

A current flurry of research has revealed that living cells contain a variety of membrane-less organelles that play critical roles in cell physiology and disease. They are formed via liquid phase condensation of highly conformationally flexible intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) that engage in a multitude of transient, multivalent, noncovalent interactions resulting in phase separation into mesoscopic liquid-like compartments. These liquid-like condensates can undergo maturation into pathological gel-like or solid-like aggregates in deadly human diseases. However, the fundamental molecular origin of phase separation remains elusive. I will discuss our recent results that shed lights into the unusual phase behavior of IDPs that undergo liquid-liquid phase separation leading to the formation of liquid droplets that can eventually mature into more ordered aggregates. Using a diverse array of unique and sensitive optical tools, we have been able to directly capture an intriguing symphony of molecular events that govern the phase transition. Our studies illuminate the key molecular drivers of IDP phase transition that is involved in both function and disease. 

 

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