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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (IISER) PUNE
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Seminars and Colloquia

Physics

From stochastic thermodynamics to the cost of precision 
 
Mon, Aug 03, 2020,   04:00 PM to 05:00 PM at Over Zoom

Prof. Udo Seifert
Stuttgart University

Abstract:

Stochastic thermodynamics provides a universal framework for analyzing nano- and micro-sized non-equilibrium systems. Prominent examples are single molecules, molecular machines, colloidal particles in time-dependent laser traps and biochemical networks. Thermodynamic notions like work, heat and entropy can be identified on the level of individual fluctuating

trajectories. They obey universal relations like the fluctuation theorem.

           

Thermodynamic inference as a general strategy uses consistency constraints derived from stochastic thermodynamics to infer otherwise hidden properties of non-equilibrium systems. As a paradigm for thermodynamic inference, the thermodynamic uncertainty relation provides a lower bound on the entropy production through measurements of the dispersion of any current in the system. Likewise, it provides a model-free bound on the thermodynamic efficiency of molecular motors and quantifies the cost of temporal precision at finite temperature.

 

For a review: U. Seifert, Annu. Rev. Condens. Matter Phys. 10, 171-192, 2019

 

 

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