where tomorrow’s science begins today
An Autonomous Institution, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India
Seminars and Colloquia


Rational design of functional materials based on crystallographic concepts and novel synthesis protocols 
Thu, Mar 23, 2017,   03:00 PM at Physics Seminar Room 31, 2nd Floor, Main Building

Dr. A. K. Tyagi
BARC, Mumbai

Abstract :

New functional materials can be designed by interplay of synthesis and crystallographic structure. Unconventional synthetic routes play an important role in this direction as many of these new materials are metastable and hence it is not possible to prepare them by conventional synthesis methods.  Of late, the focus of research has been shifted to multi-functional materials i.e., the materials which can possess two or more than two synergistic or antagonistic functionalities.  The synthesis of such materials has been a challenge and also opportunity to chemists. We have prepared [1-12] a number of new functional materials guided by crystallographic approach coupled with novel synthesis protocols. Some typical materials which will be discussed in this talk are La1-xCexCrO3 (materials with tunable band gap and magnetic properties), CeScO3 (with unusual reversible conversion to fluorite lattice), Gd1-xYxInO3, GdSc1-xInxO3 (tunable dielectrics) and several lead free relaxor materials. Perovskite and fluorite-type materials with trivalent Ce3+ were successfully prepared from suitable precursor powders by a controlled heating under low pO2. Several interesting pyrochlore based oxygen storage materials, viz. Ce2Zr2O7+x (x = 0.0 to 1.0), Gd2-xCexZr2O7 and Gd2-xCexZr2-xAlxO7 (x = 0.0 to 2.0) have been prepared, which have shown interesting redox catalysis. The simple concepts like rA/rB ratio of A2B2O7 pyrochlores could be used to tailor the properties like ionic conductivity, dielectric and photocatalytic behavior. Several new hybrid materials were also prepared, such as BaTiO3-Co, Fe3O4-PVDF and Ag@R6G, which showed interesting functional properties.  The major focus of this talk will be on the role of synthesis, novel properties exhibited by these functional materials, and their crystallographic correlation.