IISER Pune
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (IISER) PUNE
where tomorrow’s science begins today
An Autonomous Institution, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India
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Seminars and Colloquia

Biology

Vocal control, sensorimotor learning, and the dynamics of birdsong 
 
Fri, Oct 06, 2017,   12:00 PM to 01:00 PM at Seminar Room 34, 2nd Floor, Main Building

Samuel J Sober
Associate Professor, Emory University, Georgia

The brain uses sensory feedback to calibrate the performance of complex behaviors. However, the biological and computational bases of sensorimotor learning remain mysterious. Our lab uses behavioral, physiological, biomechanical, and computational techniques to investigate motor control and vocal learning in songbirds. My talk will cover four ongoing lines of investigation into how songbirds correct vocal errors and precisely coordinate the acoustics of vocal production. First, our behavioral studies demonstrate that songbirds use vocal variability to constrain the speed and extent of vocal learning, and that a simple but powerful computational framework (iterative Bayesian inference) can account for the dynamics of learning across a number of experimental conditions. Second, recent neuroanatomical and lesion studies demonstrate a crucial role for the neurotransmitter dopamine in mediating vocal learning. Third, neurophysiological recordings and computational analyses suggest that neurons in the motor system employ a millisecond-resolution spike timing code to regulate vocal behavior. Furthermore, single-unit recordings from muscle tissue in behaving animals and in vitro measures of muscle function demonstrate how the nervous system uses millisecond-scale spike timing to exploit the biomechanics of the vocal system. Fourth, comparative studies of a wide range of songbird and nonsongbird species (ranging in size from finches to ostriches) demonstrate that all species tested employ the same physical mechanism of sound production, and that this mechanism is identical to the one used to produce human speech. These data indicate that despite the different evolutionary origins of their vocal organs, humans and birds have converged upon the same physical mechanisms for producing communication sounds.

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