IISER Pune
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (IISER) PUNE
where tomorrow’s science begins today
An Autonomous Institution, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India
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Seminars and Colloquia

Biology

Spatiotemporal control of the number and diversity of centrosome-cilia 
 
Thu, Aug 16, 2018,   11:00 AM to 12:30 PM at Seminar Room 34, 2nd Floor, Main Building

Dr. Swadhin Chandra Jana
Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (Gulbenkian Institute), Portugal

In eukaryotic cycling cells, two centrioles, the microtubule (MT)-based nano cylinders, with the peri-centriolar matrix (PCM) form a centrosome. The centriole biogenesis generally occurs once per cell cycle to tightly regulate its number. After cells exist cell cycle, these nano-cylinders can template the skeleton of cilia, also called sensing hairs of cells. These nanomachines (centrosome and cilia) have critical sensing, motility and cytoskeleton-organising functions. Thus, the alteration/deregulation of these nanomachines causes several human diseases, such as cancer (occurs is 1 in 3 individuals worldwide) and ciliopathies (frequency is >1:1000 people in Caucasians). Strikingly, in the later diseases, the mutations affect either all tissues or a specific tissue (e.g., retinal degeneration, renal disease and infertility) at various ages of our life, often showing defects similar to ageing-associated pathologies.
I will talk about the new mechanisms on how the number and diversity of centrosome-cilia are regulated in time and space in animal cells, including the fruit fly. Subsequently, I will discuss to highlight how these findings would immensely help not only better understand these organelles´ evolution and biology, but also the associated-human disorders.

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